User Experience is an important part of web design niche. From accessibility best practices, simple interfaces, alternative user pathways to user preferences are all important parts of a good user experience. Given below are some tips to ensure a smooth user experience for your audience.
Implementation of Fundamentals
A good starting point when it comes to accessibility is ensuring a solid User Interface. Logical and clear designs are a key to making website succeed online including clear-cut navigation. No one likes to view a site that is cluttered or contains a messy navigation for disabled people particularly those who have visual damages.
Allow Hotkey Shortcuts
Users like keyword navigation with the availability of hotkey shortcuts on sites. However for disabled users, the features are important. This means giving users control beyond regular “tabbing” and “scrolling” with a spacebar. Here is a list of keyboard shortcuts mentioned in Wikipedia.
Use a Clear Text
The biggest obstacle for visually impaired users is text clarity, so designers should take every measure to increase legibility (clarity of letters) and readability (clarity of text blocks). Here are four easy-to-apply techniques that users who are visually impaired will surely appreciate.
The main obstacle for visually disabled users comes through text clarity. This is why; designers need to take all the necessary measures to increase readability and legibility. According to universal design, text clarity helps in an improved readability.
Do not rely on Colors to Portray Messages
Colorblindness affects about 10% of world population. Even though color codes help in communicating a message in a strong and faster way, labels need to be used for explaining crucial functions. For example, if there is an error in an input field, most of the designers outline it in red color to highlight the problem; however, also try and use an exclamation point icon for a full accessibility.
Use content in HTML
The HTML and CSS developers alter what users see without changing code’s structure. In addition to making the design process simple, using content in HTML allows for a better usability with screen readers.
The users without any problem can click on the preferred section; users with screen readers rely on screen readers to explain the different page elements. Try and note the frustration by clicking a link to an article and filtering through the navigation menu.
Through the help of HTML and CSS separation, you need to reorganize the code for suiting the needs of screen readers without altering the layout. This way the navigation menu stays on the top, to serve for the sighted users and its code is displayed at the bottom for users with screen readers.
Explanation Link Text
Some screen readers provide the option to list links on a page, however, the feature is meaningless if the link text simply writes “click here” out of context like this. Use the link description if it can be understood without context but don’t go overboard with it. The text is also a part of design element so don’t overdo it.
Also, use a 40×40 pt. clickable area for touch controls. Accessibility is about designing for all users disabled and the non-disabled. The 40×40 pts is a preferred norm to accept all finger sizes.
A detailed guide is available at accessibility checklist where you can notice most of the items on the list more than just accessibility guidelines and tips for a better UX. But still it’s a good way to keep on track through the process.
Accessibility guidelines help in achieving a good UX design and need to be implemented regardless of your users. To improve website’s accessibility, consult with Medialinkers web designing agency.